Describe your opinion about the necessary conditions or requirements to become a world-top level researcher

Mình muốn chia sẻ với các bạn về một bài luận mà mình rất thích trong kì thi sau đại học tại Nhật Bản. Đây là một trong hai bài luận, bài luận thứ nhất là mô tả sự đóng góp của vật lý trong đất nước của bạn. Đặc biệt trong bài luận này mình đã một lần nữa khẳng định chủ quyền về Hoàng Sa và Trường Sa “High accuracy and early prediction will be helpful for the people of a country with a long coastline of 3.260 km and many small islands, such as Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagos“. Và điều đó đã không ảnh hưởng đến kết quả của mình. Ở đây mình sẽ tập trung về bài luận thứ hai, hi vọng nó sẽ giúp ích các bạn.

Describe your opinion about the necessary conditions or requirements to become a world-top level researcher.


“How to become a world top-level researcher?” has always been an interesting discussion subject among researchers. There are many different perspectives, which lead to different answers. With the perspective of myself, there are at least three conditions needed to become world-top-level researcher including “basic skills“, “skills to find out the new problems” and “problems-solving skills“.

Basic skills are professional knowledge, language skills and the ability to present before audience. Most of these skills are taught in University and is a prerequisite for all majors. Different majors will need different expertise. For example, for physics, the mandatory knowledge includes primary mathematics, mechanics classical, statistical mechanics, thermodynamic, quantum mechanics, etc. Gerard’t Hooft – who shared a Nobel Prize, also listed and summarized the expert knowledge needed for a theoretical physics researchers in his article “How to become a good theoretical physicist”. In addition to basic skills training in university lecture halls, today we can learn on YouTube or Google via free lectures by professors from prestigious universities in the world. Thus, researchers can practice their skills wherever and whenever.

Different from basic skills, skills to find out the new problems requires lots of advance factors. If the former skills can be acquired by hard working, the latter one requires an in-depth understanding and passion for science. The passion and excitement will promote enthusiasm and curiosity of researchers on world around them and lead them to new discoveries. However, to select a new problem correctly, researchers need to rely on large amounts of intensive knowledge.

Finally, researchers need to solve the problems that had been posed, known as problem-solving skills. Two skills of finding new problems and solving existing problems are the key for a researcher to reach the world-top-level. Particularly, problem-solving skills require researchers to work seriously, professionally and perseverance in a long time. In addition, the ability to apply technical knowledge and absorb critical opinions from colleagues is essential to solve problems.

As a young researcher, so I’m also striving towards world-top-level researcher in the future. On the way there, I need to learn more. These conditions may be just a small part of overall requirements; however, I think they are the most necessary skills and knowledge to become a world-top-level researcher.


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